Yu Maoli (b. 1929-2010) is a resident of Changxing Village, Gaolong Town, Chaling County, Hunan Province. He was a cadre of the local People’s Commune during the Great Leap Forward. In this interview, Yu talks about how people focused on constructing blast furnace while the crops were left uncollected in the field and got rotten in 1958. In 1959 some villagers were criticized for collecting sweet potatoes in the field to eat, and other villagers escaped to Jiangxi Province to survive the famine. Yu expresses his understanding of some villagers who stole grain from the People’s Commune because of starvation, as well as his disapproval of the production team leaders, who gave themselves more stamps to buy meat and other non-staple food.